Rodríguez Fernández, Francisco


Bank profitability in Spain: A debate in need of perspective

Spanish banks announced record earnings growth in 2022, in tandem with the ongoing process of financial normalisation, in which interest rates increased, after years in negative territory. Despite strong performance, challenges remain, and banks must stay profitable and solvent on account of their systemic importance to a country’s business and social fabric, while pushing ahead with necessary cost-cutting and digitalisation.

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