Labor market duality: The unresolved issue of the 2012 reform
Fecha: enero 2013
Autores: Daniel Fernández Kranz
Etiquetas: Mercado de trabajo, Temporalidad laboral, Reforma laboral
The creation of the temporary contract in 1984 has given rise to one of the most important problems of Spain’s labor market today – duality. Several recent reforms have tried to address this issue, including the latest in February 2012, however unsuccessfully. This reform aimed to shift workers’ and firms’ incentives away from external flexibility and towards internal flexibility. Unfortunately, initial evidence suggests that still high severance costs for unfair dismissal and legal uncertainty have led to firms’ continued preference for the temporary contract. The resulting buffer of temporary employees is reducing willingness of permanent workers to
accept internal flexibility and thereby hindering progress of the reform overall.