Spain’s budget: Challenges for 2024

Spain’s budget: Challenges for 2024

Fecha: marzo 2024

Santiago Lago Peñas

Spanish Budget

SEFO, Spanish and International Economic & Financial Outlook, V. 13 N.º 2 (March 2024)

Delivery of the targeted deficit below 4% for 2023 is plausible, thanks to the healthy momentum in tax collection boosted by higher than expected growth in gross domestic product (GDP). At first glance, the anticipated outcome for 2023 appears favourable and in line with expectations, with last year’s deficit around 1% of GDP lower than that of 2022. However, the result is less favourable if we take into consideration the scant adjustment in the structural deficit, which in 2023 will exceed headline deficit figures. Domestic political tensions first delayed the 2024 budget process and ultimately resulted in the draft budget being pulled in order to begin preparing the 2025 budget. Despite a likely increase in tax revenues as a result of the upside in GDP growth once again, there is no guarantee that Spain will escape the EU’s Excessive Deficit Procedure in 2024, which, under the new rules, will continue to be activated in the event of a deficit over 3% of GDP. For this reason, fiscal decisions altering the 2023 extended budget in the next months should be compatible with a significant reduction of the structural deficit to advance toward compliance with the EU’s deficit and debt targets.

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